What are fats?
Fats are called a range of different terms:
Oils – any fat that exists in liquid form at room temperature. Oils are also any substances that do not mix with water and have a greasy feel.
Animal fats – butter, lard, cream, fat in (and on) meats.
Vegetable fats – olive oil, peanut oil, flax seed oil, corn oil, for instance.
Fats or fatty acids – this refers to all types of fat. However, fats are commonly referred to as those that are solid at room temperature.
Lipids – all types of fats, regardless of whether they are liquid or solid.
Lipids are an important part of the diet of all humans and many types of animals. Fat is stored in the body for many reasons.
There are several different types of fats and we’ll take a look at these below:
Saturated fats (Too much and long time Usage is not good)
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature and are sometimes called solid fat. They are totally saturated, meaning that each molecule of fat is covered in hydrogen atoms. Saturated fats increase health risks if a person consumes too much over a long period of time.
A large intake of saturated fats may eventually raise cholesterol levels, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Where is saturated fat found?
Saturated fats can be found in meat, including bacon.
The highest levels of saturated fats can be found in meat (mammals), meat products, the skin of poultry, dairy products, many processed foods, such as cakes, biscuits, pastries, and chips, as well as coconut oil, palm oil, and cocoa butter.
A healthy diet includes less than 10 percent of its calories from saturated fats. That said, researchTrusted Source shows it is never recommended to replace saturated fat intake with refined carbohydrates or sugar, as this worsens health.
Examples of healthy replacement foods would be nuts, seeds, avocado, beans, and vegetables.
Unsaturated fats(Good fats)
Unsaturated fats, which include monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, are liquid at room temperature. They are mostly derived from plant oils and are classed as “good” fats:
Monounsaturated fats (Good for body)
Monounsaturated fat molecules are not saturated with hydrogen atoms – each fat molecule has only the space for one hydrogen atom.
Monounsaturated fats may lower LDL (low-density lipoprotein – bad) cholesterol, and keep HDL (high-density lipoprotein – good) cholesterol at higher levels. But, unless saturated fat intake is reduced, cholesterol levels may remain unchanged.
Many health professionals, however, say that these fats might still reduce a person’s risk of developing heart disease. For instance, the Mediterranean diet, a well-researched and chronic disease-risk lowering diet, is full of monounsaturated fats.
Where are monounsaturated fats found?
Monunsaturated fats are found in olives and olive oil.
Olives, olive oil, nuts, peanut butter, and avocados.
Polyunsaturated fats (Good for Body)
In polyunsaturated fats, there are a number of spaces around each polyunsaturated fat molecule – they are not saturated with hydrogen atoms.
Nutritionists say that polyunsaturated fats are good for our health, especially those from fish, known as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Omega-3 fatty acids protect against heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol levels and possibly inflammation. Healthcare professionals say omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may also help reduce the symptoms experienced by people who suffer from arthritis, joint problems in general, and some skin diseases.
The other type of polyunsaturated fats are omega-6 fatty acids. These are mostly found in vegetable oils and processed foods. An excessive intake of omega-6’s, which is common in the standard American diet, may lead to increased inflammation.
Where are polyunsaturated fats found?
Polyunsaturated fats are found in oily fish including sardines, pictured here.
Oily fish (sardines, mackerel, trout, salmon, and herring), safflower, grapeseed, safflower, soybean, and sunflower oil. Nuts, seeds, and pastured eggs can also contain omega-3 fatty acids.
Trans fats (Very harmful )
Trans fats are synthetically made, they do not naturally occur. Trans fats are created in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. They are also known as partially hydrogenated oils.
Trans fats are not essential for human life and they most certainly do not promote good health. Consuming trans fats increases LDL cholesterol level and lowers levels of HDL cholesterol; this, in turn, raises the risk of developing coronary heart disease and stroke about 3 times higher than other fats.
In fact, the Harvard School of Public Health estimates that trans fat intake is associated with 50,000 fatal heart attacks each year. They are also associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Experts say that trans fats from partially hydrogenated oils are worse for your health than naturally occurring oils.
Trans fats have become popular because food companies find them easy to use and cheap to produce. They also last a long time and can give food a nice taste. As trans fats can be used many times in commercial fryers, they are commonly used in fast food outlets and restaurants.
Keep away from packaged foods.
Dr. Venkata Seshaiah
FOOD AS MEDICINE FOR HEALTHY DISEASE FREE LIFE
Chronic disease is a leading contributor to high healthcare costs, and employers bear the brunt of the expense. According to the Healthcare Research and Quality, 86% of healthcare spending in the world is for patients with one or more chronic conditions. Controlling — or even preventing — chronic disease in your employees can make a substantial difference in healthcare costs.
There is an easy and inexpensive way to move toward this goal: Food. Food as a preventative medicine to keep us healthy. What we eat is the main culprit behind many chronic diseases, and eating a healthier diet helps prevent and treat the most common of these debilitating conditions.
While food cannot replace medication entirely, a healthy diet is the foundation for a healthier workforce and lower healthcare costs. Read on to learn how food as medicine can help improve your employees’ health and quality of life.
The Importance of a Healthy Diet to Wellness
Eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains is good for both mind and body. These foods bolster our immune systems. They also provide vital nutrients like potassium, fiber, folic acid and vitamins, which are essential for just about every process and function in the body.
Potassium, for example, helps maintain healthy blood pressure. Dietary fiber reduces cholesterol levels in the blood. Folic acid helps the body produce red blood cells, and vitamins are building blocks used throughout the body.
Food also affects mental health. It can protect against spikes in the stress hormone cortisol. It can trigger the release of serotonin, which calms us and is why we turn to some foods for comfort. Foods like leafy greens contain antioxidants that protect brain cells and prevent cognitive decline. Foods like omega-3 fatty acids are associated with improved concentration and mental alertness.
There are a wealth of nutritious options that contribute to a healthy body and mind.
How A Food As Medicine Approach Can Help Prevent Chronic Disease
Fueled by a healthy diet, the body is more resilient. A strong immune system is great for fighting infections short term, but if the immune system is constantly triggered, it can create chronic inflammation. Chronic inflammation is a factor in diabetes, obesity, and diseases of the lung, heart and nervous system. Diets high in fruits, vegetables, legumes, fiber, and certain spices have been shown to suppress chronic inflammation and prevent the development of chronic diseases.
Nutrient-dense foods, in contrast to calorie-dense foods, fill us up and energize us. These fruits, vegetables, and whole grains generally are low in fat, low in sugar and high in fiber, all big pluses for preventing chronic disease. Take the apple, for instance. Its soluble fiber can help lower blood cholesterol levels. Apples also have plenty of phytonutrients that act as antioxidants to counteract chemicals in the blood that damage certain molecules.
On the flip side, the saturated fats and sugars in highly processed foods can trigger a cascade of events that may leave us sleepy, tired and craving more food. High-fat and high-sugar foods contribute to obesity and increase the chance of developing type 2 diabetes. Fatty acids can trigger insulin resistance, which can lead to abnormally high blood sugar levels, a sign of diabetes. Saturated fat raises cholesterol levels, which builds up as plaque inside the blood vessels, which can then break free, block an artery and trigger a heart attack or stroke.
Piling on the leafy greens, crunching on carrots or snacking on that apple can do wonders for preventing or slowing the development of chronic disease.
Healthy Food Choices for Specific Diseases
Some diseases are particularly responsive to changes in diet. Two of the most common are diabetes and heart disease.
For people with diabetes, living well means keeping blood sugar levels in a normal range. Too much sugar in the blood and they risk damaging their kidneys, eyes and vascular system. Too little, and they could pass out or slip into a diabetic coma. There is an abundance of research that shows how managing diet is essential for sustaining healthy blood sugar levels.
There is also strong evidence that diet can prevent, treat and for some, reverse, type 2 diabetes. One analysis of more than 40 studies on nutrition therapy for diabetics found strong evidence that utilizing food as medicine everyday is effective for improving glycemic control in people with diabetes. Nutrition therapy was particularly effective for those with prediabetes and those newly diagnosed with diabetes.
Another study investigated a low-fat plant-based diet that was found to have a significant impact on body mass index (BMI), cholesterol and blood sugar, which contribute to obesity, heart disease and diabete. The diet included starches, such as potatoes and pasta. Participants were not limited in how much they ate and were not required to exercise. Despite the lack of calorie limits or exercise, the intervention group saw greater weight loss than the control group.
There’s additional evidence that diet is a powerful approach for preventing heart disease. One large study found that those who ate a diet heavy on vegetables and whole foods had significantly lower risk for heart disease than than those who ate a typical Western diet of red meat, desserts, french fries and high-fat dairy products.
Diet is so important when it comes to heart disease that the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, developed the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet plan. High blood pressure is a major contributor to heart disease. The DASH diet is intended to help manage hypertension without medication or as a supplement to medication. It emphasizes vegetables, fruits and low-fat dairy foods, including foods rich in nutrients that help lower blood pressure, like potassium, calcium and magnesium. It also includes moderate amounts of whole grains, fish, poultry and nuts, and is low in salt.
On this diet, some see results within two weeks, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Many people who were dependent on high blood pressure medication can be weaned off it entirely by following DASH.
Diabetes and heart disease are life-altering conditions, and without medical and diet intervention they can cause permanent bodily harm. Nutrition is a key component in both preventing these illnesses, and treating them in those already afflicted.
Dr. Venkata Seshaiah
What is diabetic neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is a serious and common complication of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It’s a type of nerve damage caused by long-term high blood sugar levels. The condition usually develops slowly, sometimes over the course of several decades.
If you have diabetes and notice numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in your hands or feet, you should see your doctor. These are early symptoms of peripheral neuropathy. The danger is usually when you can’t feel pain and an ulcer develops on your foot.
In cases of severe or prolonged peripheral neuropathy, you may be vulnerable to injuries or infections. In serious cases, poor wound healing or infection can lead to amputation.
There are different types of diabetic neuropathy that affect different areas of your body, causing a variety of symptoms. If you have diabetes, it’s important to regularly check your blood glucose levels and contact your doctor if have any symptoms of neuropathy.
What are the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy?
It’s common for symptoms of neuropathy to appear gradually. In many cases, the first type of nerve damage to occur involves the nerves of the feet. This can lead to the symptom of sometimes painful “pins and needles” in your feet.
Symptoms vary depending on the areas affected. Common signs and symptoms of the different types of diabetic neuropathy include:
sensitivity to touch
loss of sense of touch
difficulty with coordination when walking
numbness or pain in your hands or feet
burning sensation in feet, especially at night
muscle weakness or wasting
bloating or fullness
nausea, indigestion, or vomiting
diarrhea or constipation
dizziness when you stand up
excessive or decreased sweating
bladder problems, such as incomplete bladder emptying
inability to sense low blood glucose
vision trouble, such as double vision
increased heart rate
What are the different types of diabetic neuropathy?
The term neuropathy is used to describe several types of nerve damage. In people with diabetes, there are four main types of neuropathy.
1. Peripheral neuropathy
The most common form of neuropathy is peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy usually affects the feet and legs, but it can also affect the arms or hands. Symptoms are varied, and can be mild to severe. They include:
tingling or burning sensations
extreme sensitivity to touch
insensitivity to hot and cold temperatures
sharp pain or cramping
loss of balance or coordination
Some people experience symptoms more often at night.
If you have peripheral neuropathy, you may not feel an injury or sore on your foot. People with diabetes often have poor circulation, which makes it more difficult for wounds to heal. This combination increases the risk for infection. In extreme cases, infection can lead to amputation.
2. Autonomic neuropathy
The second most common type of neuropathy in people with diabetes is autonomic neuropathy.
The autonomic nervous system runs other systems in your body over which you have no conscious control. Many organs and muscles are controlled by it, including your:
sex organs and bladder
Nerve damage to the digestive system may cause:
gastroparesis, which causes the stomach to empty too slowly into the small intestines
Gastroparesis causes a delay in digestion, which can worsen over time, leading to frequent nausea and vomiting. You’ll typically feel full too quickly and be unable to finish a meal.
Delayed digestion often makes it more difficult to control blood glucose levels, too, with frequently alternating high and low readings.
Also, symptoms of hypoglycemia, such as sweating and heart palpitations, can go undetected in people with autonomic neuropathy. This can mean not noticing when you have low blood sugar, increasing the risk for a hypoglycemic emergency.
Sexual and bladder problems
Autonomic neuropathy may also cause sexual problems, such as erectile dysfunction, vaginal dryness, or difficulty achieving orgasm. Neuropathy in the bladder can cause incontinence or make it difficult to fully empty your bladder.
Damage to the nerves that control your heart rate and blood pressure can make them respond more slowly. You may experience a drop in blood pressure and feel lightheaded or dizzy when you stand up after sitting or lying down, or when you exert yourself. Autonomic neuropathy can also cause an abnormally fast heart rate.
Autonomic neuropathy can make it difficult to identify some of the symptoms of a heart attack. You may not feel any chest pain when your heart isn’t getting enough oxygen. If you have autonomic neuropathy, you should know the other warning signs for heart attack, including:
pain in the arm, back, neck, jaw, or stomach
shortness of breath
3. Proximal neuropathy
A rare form of neuropathy is proximal neuropathy, also known as diabetic amyotrophy. This form of neuropathy is more commonly seen in adults over 50 years old with fairly well controlled type 2 diabetes, and more often in men.
It often affects the hips, buttocks, or thighs. You may experience sudden and sometimes severe pain. Muscle weakness in your legs may make it difficult to stand up without assistance. Diabetic amyotrophy usually affects only one side of the body.
After the onset of symptoms, they usually get worse and then eventually begin to improve slowly. Fortunately, most people recover within a few years, even without treatment.
4. Focal neuropathy
Focal neuropathy, or mononeuropathy, occurs when there’s damage to one specific nerve or group of nerves, causing weakness in the affected area. This occurs most often in your hand, head, torso, or leg. It appears suddenly and is usually very painful.
Like proximal neuropathy, most focal neuropathies go away in a few weeks or months and leave no lasting damage. The most common type is carpal tunnel syndrome.
Although most don’t feel the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, about 25 percent of people with diabetes have some degree of nerve compression at the wrist.
Symptoms of focal neuropathy include:
pain, numbness, tingling in fingers
an inability to focus
aching behind the eyes
pain in isolated areas, such as the front of the thigh, lower back, pelvic region, chest, stomach, inside the foot, outside the lower leg, or weakness in big toe
What causes diabetic neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is caused by high blood sugar levels sustained over a long period of time. Other factors can lead to nerve damage, such as:
damage to the blood vessels caused by high cholesterol levels
mechanical injury, such as injuries caused by carpal tunnel syndrome
lifestyle factors, such as smoking or alcohol use
Low levels of vitamin B-12 can also lead to neuropathy. Metformin, a common medication used to manage diabetes, can decrease levels of vitamin B-12. You can ask your doctor for a simple blood test to identify any vitamin deficiencies.
How is diabetic neuropathy diagnosed?
A doctor will determine whether or not you have neuropathy, starting by asking about your symptoms and medical history. You’ll also have a physical examination. They’ll check your level of sensitivity to temperature and touch, your heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle tone.
Your doctor may do a filament test to test the sensitivity in your feet. For this, they’ll use a nylon fiber to check your limbs for any loss of sensation. A tuning fork may be used to test your vibration threshold. Your doctor may also test your ankle reflexes.
How is diabetic neuropathy treated?
There’s no cure for diabetic neuropathy, but you can slow its progression. Keeping your blood sugar levels within a healthy range is the best way to decrease the likelihood of developing diabetic neuropathy or slow its progression. It can also relieve some symptoms.
Quitting smoking and exercising regularly are also parts of a comprehensive treatment plan. Always talk to your doctor or healthcare team before beginning a new fitness routine. You may also ask your doctor about complementary treatments or supplements for neuropathy.
Medications may be used to treat pain caused by diabetic neuropathy. Talk to your doctor about the available medications and their potential side effects. Several medications have been shown to help with symptoms.
You may also want to consider alternative therapies, such as acupuncture, Homoeopathy, Ayurveda. Some researchTrusted Source has found capsaicin to be helpful. Alternative therapies may provide additional relief when used in conjunction with medication.
Depending on your type of neuropathy, your doctor can suggest medications, therapies, or lifestyle changes that may help deal with symptoms and ward off complications.
For example, if you have problems with digestion as a result of your neuropathy, your doctor may suggest you eat smaller meals more often and limit the amount of fiber and fat in your diet.
If you have vaginal dryness, your doctor may suggest a lubricant. If you have erectile dysfunction, they may prescribe medication that can help.
Peripheral neuropathy is very common in people with diabetes and can lead to serious foot complications, which in turn can lead to amputation. If you have peripheral neuropathy, it’s important to take special care of your feet and to quickly get help if you have an injury or sore.
Can I prevent diabetic neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy can often be avoided if you manage your blood glucose vigilantly. To do this, be consistent in:
monitoring your blood glucose levels
taking medications as prescribed
managing your diet
If you do develop diabetic neuropathy, work closely with your doctor and follow their recommendations for slowing its progression. With proper care, you can reduce the damage to your nerves and avoid complications
Dr. Venkata Seshaiah.
Know Your Remedies: Digitalis Purpurea (Dig.)
Common Name: Foxglove; lady’s glove..
Digitalis is used by conventional medicine as chemical Digoxin (Lanoxin) to slow a rapidly beating heart that is in atrial fibrillation. In homeopathy, it’s used in potentised form when the heart is beating too slowly. This is especially so when the enlargement of the prostate, urinary problems, or hepatitis are present with the slow pulse. Those needing Digitalis Purpurea are often fearful of movement because it worsens their physical symptoms or produces palpitations. They may also crave bitter things.
Remorseful and tearful.
Anxious that they have done something wrong.
Sadness which is worsened by music.
Sadness with sighing, or relieved by sighing.
Fear of death during heart symptoms.
Fear that the heart will stop.
Dreams of falling.
Chest and Cardiovascular
Slow pulse (bradycardia).
Strong palpitations with movement.
Palpitations with depression or grief.
Enlarged and inflamed prostate gland.
Frequent urge to urinate at night.
Blueness of skin – lips, eyelids, tongue, fingernails.
Sudden waking at night with gasping and fear of suffocation.
Dr. Venkata Seshaiah.
Guide to a Healthy Life Style
Hypertension, diabetic,thyroid problems, liver and digestive problems, respiratory, circulatory problems, obesity, menstrual problems, sleep disturbances, hair loss,joint pains etc. are metabolic disorders and are usually result of deviation from good life style.
FOR KEEPING GOOD Healthy BODY AND MIND, You may follow the daily routine developed by me and being followed by lots of my patients, friends and family and are free from above diseases and disorders and able to maintian a Healthy and Happy Life.
1. Get up at 5.30 am.
Complete rest room activities.
2. 6.00.am. Drink 1 lemon full juice one glass of warm to little hot water with two to 3 spoons honey
3. 6.30 am to 7.30 am walk in a greenery park with moderate speed. At least 4 km daily for obtaining most essential miracle VITAMIN D3.
WAKING IN MORNING SUNLIGHT IS THE BEST EXERCISE EVER KNOWN TO THE PEOPLE ON EARTH.
Hence surya namaskaras came to rescue the people from many ailments.
4. Most important for diabetics and want to live a healthy life
- Take a fist full Tulasi leaves , fist full mint leaves, fist full coriander leaves,fist full curry leaves( Karivepaku)
- Some tender NEEM Leaves
- 3 crushed garlic cloves.
Chew properly all the above at a time or one after other at your comfort.
After 15 minutes drink one green tea.
No break fast of any kind like dosa idli poori vada, bread or anything.
The honey and lemon which you have taken is your breakfast which keeps your blood sugars under control.
Those already on tablets for DIABETES should continue the same but add more honey not to go down your sugar levels.
Those who are hungry still can take some dry fruits like Almonds walnuts cashew
Pistha figs as many as you like. Don’t worry about fat.
They contain healthy useful fat and good protein which is essential.
The Garlic you eat takes care of your circulatory and heart healthTulasi leaves take care of your respiratory system and as a antibiotic and boosts insulin.Mint or pudina will take care of your digestive system and set right the gastric problems. Coriander will take care of your eyes and kidneys. Curry leaves boosts your hair growth and liver and pancreas function regulates female hormones gives softness to skin. Neem leaves controls blood sugar.
Avoid biriyani, white rice, roti made with maida sweets made of sugar. Eat very less carbs.
This is the secret of curing diabetes and BP by yourself.
5. 12.30 to 2.00 pm
One small cup rice or two roti. With exclusively half kg curry that is grown on creepers like bottle gourd
Karela, ash gourd, snake guard, chayote cucumber etc.
They all contain more water in them little sodium more potassium and anti oxidants. They control your blood sugar levels very efficiently
6. 4.30 pm. Eat seasonal fruits of your choice. Even a banana can be taken by diabetics.
Water melon, papaya, apple, guava, figs, pomogranate, oranges, pear grapes etc. are recommend for keeping slim body.
5 pm. You may eat some dry fruits again.
Between 7.30 pm 8.30 pm.
Dinner. With a very small cup rice or one roti with salads or more more curry as in lunch. Consume more buttur milk.
No curd in the night.
At 10.00 pm. One glass hot milk
With one spoon turmeric
one spoon Cinnamon powder
Half spoon black pepper powder. 10.30 or 11.00 go to sleep.
SWITCH TO THE ABOVE LIFE STYLE.
CHANGE TO THE ABOVE ROUTINE MADE MANY OF MY FRIENDS TO STAY FIT MENTALLY AND PHYSICALLY.